Als Selma Meerbaum-Eisinger, eine entfernte Cousine Paul Celans, 1942 mit nur 18 Jahren starb, hinterließ sie ein Stück Weltliteratur. Lange waren die Gedichte verschollen, bevor sie 1980 erstmals der Öffentlichkeit präsentiert wurden. Ihre Liebesgedichte für einen Freund, der später auf der Flucht nach Palästina ums Leben kam, haben ihre Anziehungskraft bis heute nicht verloren und sind aus dem deutschen Literaturkanon nicht mehr wegzudenken.
Algernon Charles Swinburne was born on April 5th, 1837, in London, into a wealthy Northumbrian family. He was educated at Eton and at Balliol College, Oxford, but did not complete a degree. In 1860 Swinburne published two verse dramas but achieved his first literary success in 1865 with Atalanta in Calydon, written in the form of classical Greek tragedy. The following year &Poems and Ballads& brought him instant notoriety. He was now identified with &indecent& themes and the precept of art for art's sake. Although he produced much after this success in general his popularity and critical reputation declined. The most important qualities of Swinburne's work are an intense lyricism, his intricately extended and evocative imagery, metrical virtuosity, rich use of assonance and alliteration, and bold, complex rhythms. Swinburne's physical appearance was small, frail, and plagued by several other oddities of physique and temperament. Throughout the 1860s and 1870s he drank excessively and was prone to accidents that often left him bruised, bloody, or unconscious. Until his forties he suffered intermittent physical collapses that necessitated removal to his parents' home while he recovered. Throughout his career Swinburne also published literary criticism of great worth. His deep knowledge of world literatures contributed to a critical style rich in quotation, allusion, and comparison. He is particularly noted for discerning studies of Elizabethan dramatists and of many English and French poets and novelists. As well he was a noted essayist and wrote two novels. In 1879, Swinburne's friend and literary agent, Theodore Watts-Dunton, intervened during a time when Swinburne was dangerously ill. Watts-Dunton isolated Swinburne at a suburban home in Putney and gradually weaned him from alcohol, former companions and many other habits as well. Much of his poetry in this period may be inferior but some individual poems are exceptional; &By the North Sea,& &Evening on the Broads,& &A Nympholept,& &The Lake of Gaube,& and &Neap-Tide.& Swinburne lived another thirty years with Watts-Dunton. He denied Swinburne's friends access to him, controlled the poet's money, and restricted his activities. It is often quoted that 'he saved the man but killed the poet'. Swinburne died on April 10th, 1909 at the age of seventy-two.
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, but more commonly known as just Byron was a leading English poet in the Romantic Movement along with Keats and Shelley. Byron was born on January 22nd, 1788. He was a great traveller across Europe, spending many years in Italy and much time in Greece. With his aristocratic indulgences, flamboyant style along with his debts, and a string of lovers he was the constant talk of society. In 1823 he joined the Greeks in their war of Independence against the Ottoman Empire, both helping to fund and advise on the war's conduct. It was an extraordinary adventure, even by his own standards. But, for us, it is his poetry for which he is mainly remembered even though it is difficult to see where he had time to write his works of immense beauty. But write them he did. He died on April 19th 1824 after having contracted a cold which, on the advice of his doctors, was treated with blood-letting. This caused complications and a violent fever set in. Byron died like his fellow romantics, tragically young and on some foreign field.
Robert Southey was born on the 12th of August 1774 in Bristol. A poet of the Romantic school and one of the &Lake Poets&. Although his fame has been eclipsed by that of his friends William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Southey's verse was highly influential and he wrote movingly against the horrors and injustice of the slave trade. Among his other classics are Inchcape Rock as well as a number of plays including Wat Tyler. He was great friends with Coleridge, indeed in 1795, in a plan they soon abandoned, they thought to found a utopian commune-like society, called Pantisocracy, in the wilds of Pennsylvania. However that same year, the two friends married sisters Sarah and Edith Fricker. Southey's marriage was successful but Coleridge's was not. In 1810 he abandoned his wife and three children to Southey's care in the Lake District. Although his income was small and those dependent upon him growing in number Southey continued to write and burnish his reputation with a wider public. In 1813, after its refusal by Walter Scott, he was offered, by George III, the post of Poet Laureate, a post Southey accepted and kept till his death 30 years later. Southey was also a prolific letter writer, literary scholar, essay writer, historian and biographer. His biographies included those of John Bunyan, John Wesley, William Cowper, Oliver Cromwell and Horatio Nelson. He was a renowned scholar of Portuguese and Spanish literature and history, and translated works from those two languages into English and wrote a History of Brazil (part of his planned but un-completed History of Portugal) and a History of the Peninsular War. Perhaps his most enduring contribution is the children's classic The Story of the Three Bears, the original Goldilocks story, first published in Southey's prose collection The Doctor. In 1838, Edith died and Southey married Caroline Anne Bowles, also a poet, on 4 June 1839 Robert Southey died on the 21st of March, 1843 and is buried in Crosthwaite Church in Keswick.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born on October 21st, 1772 in Ottery St Mary in Devon. As a child he was an early and devoted reader and, after being schooled at Christ's Hospital, a charity school, he attended, from 1791, Jesus College, Cambridge and the following year won the Browne Gold Medal for an ode on the slave trade. He was great friends with the poet Robert Southey, indeed they formed a plan, soon abandoned, in 1795, to found a utopian commune-like society, called Pantisocracy, in the wilds of Pennsylvania. But the same year the two friends married sisters Sarah and Edith Fricker and, of course, went on to be part of the Lake Poets movement along with Wordsworth. In 1798, Coleridge and Wordsworth published a joint volume of poetry, Lyrical Ballads, which proved to be the starting point for the English romantic age. In the autumn he and Wordsworth left for a stay in Germany; Coleridge soon went his own way immersing himself in both German philosophy and the language, which later proved invaluable for his translations. In 1800, he returned to England and settled with his family at Keswick in the Lake District, near to where Wordsworth had moved. Soon, however, he was beset by marital problems, illnesses, a growing opium dependency, tensions with Wordsworth, and a lack of confidence in his poetic powers, all of which fuelled the composition of Dejection: An Ode and an intensification of his philosophical studies. He abandoned his family to Southey's care and departed on new travels. Between 1810 and 1820, this &giant among dwarfs&, as he was often considered, gave a series of lectures in London and Bristol. Much of Coleridge's reputation as a literary critic is founded on the lectures from the winter of 1810-11 a series on Shakespeare and Milton. Although he rarely prepared anything other than loose notes and was inclined to digress, these lectures were a huge literary event and success. By this time Coleridge was dependent on opium and by 1817 his solution was to live in Highgate under the watchful eye of physician James Gillman where his dependency was somewhat controlled and his output of work could continue. These included his 23 volume Biographia Literaria, Sibylline Leaves (1817), Aids to Reflection (1825), and Church and State (1826). He died in Highgate, London on 25 July 1834 as a result of heart failure and a lung disorder together with the long term effects of opium.
Liebesgedichte vom &Genie der Klarheit&. Schiller gilt als Dichter der Freiheit und der Selbstbestimmung. Von diesem Streben sind auch seine Liebesgedichte geprägt - gleichgültig, ob diese einer geheimnisvollen Fremden oder der nicht minder sagenhaften Laura gewidmet sind.